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KEITH Israel

Male 1750 - 1819  (68 years)Deceased


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  • Name  KEITH Israel  [1, 2
    Born  25 Aug 1750  Easton, Bristol, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender  Male 
    Graduation  1771  Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Harvard University 
    1800 US Federal Census  1800  Pittsford, Rutland, Vermont, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    • Living in the household:

      1 white male over the age of 45
      1 white female aged between 26 and 44
    1800 US Federal Census for Pitsford, Rutland, VT - Page 177
    1800 US Federal Census for Pitsford, Rutland, VT - Page 177
    Military 
    • He was an Adjutant General of the Massachusetts Militia.
    Military 
    • He enlisted as a Corporal in Capt. Nathan Mitchell's company from Bridgewater on 19 Apr. 1775, was promoted to Sergeant in Capt. Abram Washburn's company in 1776, Major on 1 Jan. 1777, and Lt. Colonel on 2 Nov. 1777.
    Occupation  Sheldon, Franklin, Vermont, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    furnaceman 

    • Among the earlier "institutions" of Sheldon, was a blast-furnace and forge. This was built in 1798, by the brothers, Israel and Alfred Keith, who came here for that purpose from Pittsford, VT. It employed, much of the time, 100 men or more, to supply it with coal and iron. Quite an extensive ore-bed was discovered and worked not far from the present residence of Charles Keith. It was located on the east side of Black Creek, just north of where Hunter & Co.'s woolen factory now stands. The iron was made from the ore; and, as this was one of the first furnaces built in the State, the demand for the ware was quite active, and especially for the so-called "potash kettles." At that time one chief business, all through the country, was the manufacture of potash, and men came to Sheldon, sometimes, for a distance of 200 hundred miles for their kettles.

      The kettles were taken as fast as they could be produced -- parties often waiting for their "turn," and loading them while hot from the mould. They were very heavy, and of different sizes, holding, 45, 60 and 90 gallons each. Stoves and hollow ware were also made, for which there was great demand.

      The elder brother, Israel, it is understood, furnished the capital chiefly, while the younger, Alfred, managed the furnace; and much is said of his energy and skill in working it; so that his advice and aid were often sought for the benefit of other furnaces: and at one time the Parishes, from Ogdensburgh, N. Y., who had built a furnace at Rossie, near Ogdensburgh, but had not succeeded in getting men who could work it successfully, came to Sheldon and offered Mr. Keith the entire use of the furnace, and all he could make, if he would go over and run it for 3 months, and show them how to make iron. Mr. Keith accepted their offer, and made a very, handsome thing out of it, besides showing his New York friends "how to do it."

      The furnace was operated successfully for many years, on its first location, and in 1822, '23, was re-built on the other side of the creek. Because of the great amount of business done by the furnace company, iron was long called "Sheldon Currency".
    Died  1819  [1
    Age  68 years 
    Person ID  I4463  One Big Family Tree
    Last Modified  25 Mar 2012 

    Father  KEITH Major Zephaniah,   b. 8 Mar 1729/30, Bridgewater, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Jan 1820, Londonderry, Windham, Vermont, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  Age: 89 years 
    Mother  HOOPER Mary,   b. 17 May 1731, Bridgewater, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Oct 1822  Age: 91 years 
    Married  23 May 1750  Bridgewater, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F466  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 25 Aug 1750 - Easton, Bristol, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsGraduation - Harvard University - 1771 - Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google Maps1800 US Federal Census - 1800 - Pittsford, Rutland, Vermont, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - furnaceman - - Sheldon, Franklin, Vermont, United States Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S51] History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater, Nahum Mitchell, (Boston, MA: Kidder & Wright, 1840.), p. 217. (Reliability: 3), 21 Apr 2011.

    2. [S50] Hooper Genealogy, Charles Henry Pope and Thomas Hooper, (Boston, MA: Charles H. Pope, 1908.), p. 17. (Reliability: 3), 20 Nov 2011.

    3. [S299] 1800 US Federal Census for Rutland Co., VT, VT, Rutland County, (www.ancestry.com: National Archives and Records Administration, 2009), M32, roll 52, Pitsford, p. 177, line 7, Israel Keith, accessed 10 Feb 2010 (Reliability: 3), 10 Feb 2010.

    4. [S396] The VT Historical Gazetteer, Abby Maria Hemenway, (Burlington, VT: Miss A. M. Hemenway, 1871.), Vol. 2: Franklin, Grand Isle, Lamoille and Orange Counties: p. 378. (Reliability: 4), 12 Apr 2009.